Organic farming systems and food production are crucial for meeting the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations. Organic farming includes strategies for reducing hunger, climate change mitigation and adaptation, increased biodiversity and its functional role in environmental friendly production - with fair conditions for all stakeholders of the food chain - and responsible consumption. FAO recently declared that organic farming can enhance food security, rural development, sustainable livelihoods and environmental integrity by building capacities of stakeholders in organic production, processing, certification and marketing worldwide. The revised EU regulation to be implemented in 2021 will affect the import of organic products from third parties, and there is a need to understand how and develop efficient ways for its success. However, it still a small sector, African Organic Agriculture (OA) is gaining success through the Ecological and OA Initiative (EOA-I) as confirmed during the last African Organic Conference held in Sally-Dakar (Senegal) in November 2018. African organic stakeholders and decision makers along with scientists were unanimous that African governments, continental and regional institutions, development partners, donors and private sector investors, should provide more support to develop OA in Africa. Many research and development institutes and scientists in Africa are developing innovative techniques for more productive organic systems. These efforts need to be embedded in an international research context. A further challenge is how to reduce the gap between smallholder farms and industrialized organic export farms. This is one of the main concerns in Morocco, where the Green Morocco Plan-GMP (http://www.agriculture.gov.ma/en/pages/strategy) has been launched since 2008. The GMP has brought solutions, and has been a success to the level of being scaled up by the â€śTriple AAA Initiativeâ€ť to embrace more African countries (http://www.aaainitiative.org/). However, also unintended effects of large plans need to be discussed in a scientific context.
Venue: Marrakech (Morocco)
Date: November, 11-12th, 2019